National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) is a semi-autonomous institution, established in May 1995 under the National Environment Act Cap, 153 as the Principal Agency in Uganda with the responsibility of coordinating, monitoring, regulating and supervising environmental management in the country. NEMA is the Government Agency responsible for the issuance of Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Certificates to investors/developers for projects listed under the Third Schedule to the National Environment Act, Cap. 153 and submitted in accordance with the EIA regulations, 1998 and EIA Guidelines,1997.
The basic components of the EIA process:
Project Brief Formulation:
The investor/developer submits a Project Brief (including a description of mitigation measures) to NEMA. NEMA will then initiate a Screening process to determine, whether the project is exempt from EIA or not.
During the screening process, there may be uncertainty on the nature and magnitude of impacts projects can cause. These projects require an Environmental Impact Review (EIR) to determine if adequate mitigation measures have been identified or whether a more detailed Environmental Impact Study (EIA Study) would be required.
Environmental Impact Study
The investor submits a scoping report to NEMA to focus the EIA on the key issues. Stakeholder consultation is an important part of the scoping process. The report includes Terms of References for the subsequent EIA Study.
The investor submits the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to NEMA, including an Environment and Social Management Plan (ESMP). NEMA then transmits the respective EIS to the relevant Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies to obtain their technical input into respective project(s) and Local Government Authorities into the respective EIS. NEMA undertakes an inspection of the project site and provides its internal review comments. Following the receipt of technical comments from the relevant Lead Agencies, NEMA proceeds to make a decision on the project.
Environmental monitoring and auditing
After project commissioning, the investor/developer will monitor the environmental impacts of the project and submit annual environment audit reports to NEMA.
- What is the purpose of the procedure?
EIA is integral to the decision-making process. It must be conducted to ensure that environmental resources are recognized and protected early in the planning and decision-making process. EIA is an aid to decision making as it presents decision makers with the information necessary to determine whether or not a proposed development/project satisfies environmental requirements and therefore can either be implemented or not.
Other Purposes include :
- It is a legal requirement under the National Environment Act, Cap 153 and the EIA Regulations 1998, for any project that is likely to have adverse effects on the environment to carry out an EIA. Hence any developer found to contravene the law will have legal action taken against him or her.
- EIA enables investors/developers and decision makers to predict and assess the potential impacts of the project on the well-being of the natural environment and also helps them identify alternatives through recommending the implementation of appropriate modifications / actions that integrate economic, social and environmental concerns.
- EIA can help improve the credibility and also portrays a good corporate image for a company as an environmentally responsible company to the general public including government agencies and employees.
- The EIA process is also of great benefit to banks and other financial institutions that extend credit to their clients. It is a means by which the institution can protect its investment by ensuring that the project fulfilLs all planning and legal requirements, particularly with regard to environmental concerns.
- An EIA is designed to enable the environmental effects of a project to be weighed on a common yardstick with economic costs and benefits.
- What is the result of the procedure?
Environmental Impact Assessment Certificate.
- What you need to know/have before you start?
- Submit a Project Brief and where deemed necessary, a developer may be required to undertake a detailed environmental impact study for his/her project
- Trading License
- Investment License
- Land title/ proof of land ownership
- Site layout plan / Architectural plan
- Proof of Consultation with relevant lead agencies which include Government Ministries, Departments, Agencies, Local Government Authorities in respective Districts.
- Site location map/google map of the project area also showing the surrounding environs.
- Result of the field study investigation including appropriate results of geo-technical investigations, soil and water quality analysis may be required as an addendum to the EIA report.
- How to pay and how long will it take?
Fees payable are dependent on the total value of the project: which are prescribed in the EIA Regulations, 1998
Value of project Amount Less than 50,000,000 250,000 More than 50,000,000 but less than or equal to 100,000,000 500,000 More than 100,000,000 but less than or equal to 250,000,000 750,000 More than 250,000,000 but less than or equal to 500,000,000 1,000,000 More than 500,000,000 but less than or equal to 1,000,000,000 1,250,000 More than 1,000,000,000 but less than or equal to 5,000,000,000 2,000,000 More than 5,000,000,000 0.1% of the total value The fee should be paid by Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) to: Account Name: National Environment Fund Account Number: 212.212045.1 Name of Bank: Bank of Uganda Branch: Kampala Road Swift Code: UGBAUGKAXXX
A receipt will be issued to you by our Accounts Section upon confirmation of credit of funds into the above mentioned Account.
NOTE: The Detailed Environment Impact Assessment and Environment Audits is conducted by NEMA Certified and Registered Environment Practitioner in accordance with the National Environment (Conduct and Certification of Environmental Practitioners) Regulations, 2003(a list of the certified environment practitioners can be found on the NEMA website.